This, he said, would win the respect of whites and lead to African Americans being fully accepted as citizens and integrated into all strata of society. In addition, he argued that social change could be accomplished by developing the small group of college-educated blacks he called "the Talented Tenth:" "The Negro Race, like all races, is going to be saved by its exceptional men.
Two great leaders of the black community in the late 19th and 20th century were W. He believed in education in the crafts, industrial and farming skills and the cultivation of the virtues of patience, enterprise and thrift. Du Bois advocated political action and a civil rights agenda (he helped found the NAACP).
He urged blacks to accept discrimination for the time being and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity. Du Bois, a towering black intellectual, scholar and political thinker (1868-1963) said no--Washington's strategy would serve only to perpetuate white oppression.
Their opposing philosophies can be found in much of today's discussions over how to end class and racial injustice, what is the role of black leadership, and what do the 'haves' owe the 'have-nots' in the black community. Washington, educator, reformer and the most influentional black leader of his time (1856-1915) preached a philosophy of self-help, racial solidarity and accomodation.
However, they sharply disagreed on strategies for black social and economic progress.
In 1903, he published , a series of essays assailing Washington's strategy of accommodation.